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From Anatolia to AcehOttomans, Turks, and Southeast Asia$
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Andrew Peacock and Annabel Teh Gallop

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265819

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265819.001.0001

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The Influence of Ottoman Qur’ans in Southeast Asia Through the Ages

The Influence of Ottoman Qur’ans in Southeast Asia Through the Ages

(p.311) 14 The Influence of Ottoman Qur’ans in Southeast Asia Through the Ages
From Anatolia to Aceh

Ali Akbar

British Academy

This chapter discusses the influence of Ottoman Qur’ans on the Qur’an in Southeast Asia, from the manuscript era and through the period of early printing up to the present day. At various times, Ottoman influence can be detected in certain specific aspects of Southeast Asian Qur’ans, including illumination and calligraphy, and in particular in the adoption of the Ottoman ayet ber kenar model of page layout. Special attention is paid to the Qur’an lithographed in Palembang in 1848, as the earliest Qur’an printed in Southeast Asia. In recent years Ottoman influence has become much stronger, particularly since the ratification of the Indonesian Standard Qur’an in 1984, as one of the three approved versions is based on the Qur’an printed at the Matbaa-i Bahriye in Istanbul. This edition of the Qur’an has long been used in Indonesia by Qur’anic reciters, who learn the text by heart (ḥāfiẓ) in various pesantren (madrasas).

Keywords:   Ottoman Qur’ans, ayet ber kenar, Southeast Asian Qur’ans, Palembang Qur’an, Indonesian Standard Qur’an, Qur’an manuscripts, early printed Qur’ans, Matbaa-i Bahriye, Qur’anic reciters

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