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Challenging the ModernConservative Revolution in German Music, 1918-1933$
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Nicholas Attfield

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780197266137

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197266137.001.0001

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Working towards the Third Reich

Working towards the Third Reich

(p.175) Epilogue Working towards the Third Reich
Challenging the Modern

Nicholas Attfield

British Academy

The epilogue contributes to efforts to map continuities in musical thought between the Weimar and Nazi eras, and deals with issues of advocacy. There was not the straightforward rise to influence that is sometimes implied. Walter Abendroth had to overcome Pfitzner’s cantankerousness and fast-fading relevance. Heuss’s work was paraded by Fritz Stege in both the Zeitschrift für Musik and Rosenberg’s Kampfbund für deutsche Kultur (‘Combat League for German Culture’). The Austrian musicologist Robert Haas encountered resistance against the project that, above all, symbolized his intended mediation of the Nazi party, the Austrian National Library, and the International Bruckner Society: the ‘complete edition’ of the composer’s scores. Gustav Wyneken transformed his image of Halm from the cosmopolitan socialist and impassioned music critic of the early 1920s and emphasized Halm’s place in the national pantheon of ignored symphonic composers. Halm became the latest composer-leader in a tradition of syntheses towards which his own work on the ‘third culture’ had pointed.

Keywords:   Weimar Republic, National Socialism, Walter Abendroth, Fritz Stege, Robert Haas, Gustav Wyneken, Hans Pfitzner, Anton Bruckner, Alfred Heuss, third culture

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