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The Translation of Films, 1900-1950$
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Carol O'Sullivan and Jean-François Cornu

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780197266434

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197266434.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM BRITISH ACADEMY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.britishacademy.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright British Academy, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in BASO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Creativity under constraints: The beginning of film translation in Mandatory Palestine

Creativity under constraints: The beginning of film translation in Mandatory Palestine

Chapter:
(p.239) 13 Creativity under constraints: The beginning of film translation in Mandatory Palestine
Source:
The Translation of Films, 1900-1950
Author(s):

Rachel Weissbrod

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197266434.003.0013

This chapter addresses film translation into Hebrew in Mandatory Palestine, from the 1920s to the 1940s, when silent films were gradually replaced by talkies and the need for translation increased. It combines ‘macro history’ with ‘micro history’, the study of history through primary sources. Its main primary sources are the autobiographies of two pioneering translators, Ya’akov Davidon and Yerushalayim Segal, who specialised in dubbing and subtitling, respectively. While local production at that time served Zionist ideology, the main function of foreign films was to provide entertainment. Film translators faced two obstacles: official British censorship and the objection on the part of some sectors of Jewish society to the screening of films in foreign languages, considered a threat to Hebrew. Despite these obstacles, translators had the freedom to import, invent, and experiment with new technologies, and to adapt not just the translation to the film, but also the film to the translation.

Keywords:   British censorship, Dubbing, film translation, Hebrew, Mandatory Palestine, Subtitling, Ya’akov Davidon, Yerushalayim Segal, Zionism, audiovisual translation history

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