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Confessionalisation and Erudition in Early Modern EuropeAn Episode in the History of the Humanities$
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Nicholas Hardy and Dmitri Levitin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780197266601

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197266601.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM BRITISH ACADEMY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.britishacademy.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright British Academy, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in BASO for personal use.date: 05 December 2021

Roman Catholic Biblical Scholarship in the Age of Confessions

Roman Catholic Biblical Scholarship in the Age of Confessions

The Case of Lucas Holstenius and the Barberini Circle

Chapter:
(p.194) 5 Roman Catholic Biblical Scholarship in the Age of Confessions
Source:
Confessionalisation and Erudition in Early Modern Europe
Author(s):

Nicholas Hardy

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197266601.003.0005

This chapter considers the confessional and institutional factors that shaped the development of biblical criticism in seventeenth-century Rome. It concentrates on the German convert and noted scholar of Greek manuscripts, Lucas Holstenius, and his efforts to encourage the study of the ancient Greek version of the Old Testament, the Septuagint. These efforts were variously helped and hindered by Holstenius’s patrons and the Roman ecclesiastical authorities, depending on the extent to which they suited their religio-political ambitions. The same ambitions also had a bearing on the genres, publication formats and other modes of dissemination which Roman scholars used for their research, driving them to adopt habits of anonymity, discretion and dissimulation which were out of keeping with the practices of other participants in the contemporary republic of letters, and which differentiated them from later generations of Catholic scholars who advanced their intellectual agenda more openly and aggressively.

Keywords:   Bible, biblical criticism, Rome, Lucas Holstenius, Barberini, censorship, Septuagint, Catholicism, manuscripts, republic of letters

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