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Village Institutions in Egypt in the Roman to Early Arab Periods$
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Micaela Langellotti and D. W. Rathbone

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780197266779

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197266779.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM BRITISH ACADEMY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.britishacademy.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright British Academy, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in BASO for personal use.date: 23 June 2021

The Monastery of Apa Apollo as Landowner and Employer

The Monastery of Apa Apollo as Landowner and Employer

Chapter:
(p.169) 11 The Monastery of Apa Apollo as Landowner and Employer
Source:
Village Institutions in Egypt in the Roman to Early Arab Periods
Author(s):

Gesa Schenke

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197266779.003.0011

Monasteries need attention as a new ‘alternative’ form of rural settlement, often comparable in size and population to larger villages. This chapter, using Apa Apollo as a case-study, examines to what extent monasteries had a communal village-like identity and organization, and how closely they interacted with surrounding villages. The monastery of Apa Apollo, located at Bawit in Middle Egypt, was founded in the late 4th century and was most likely inhabited until about the 12th century. By examining the available papyrological evidence of the 7th and 8th century, this study illustrates that in the early Arab period, monasteries like that of Apa Apollo no longer seem to be the small scale institutions of the 4th century, but developed into more elaborate economic units. Although they operated much like secular large estate holders, they had a distinctive rural centre.

Keywords:   Apa Apollo at Bawit, dêmosion, diakonia, economic units, estate holders, ‘first fruits’ (aparche), misthôsis, monastic land, monks, pactum

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