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Defending the FaithGlobal Histories of Apologetics and Politics in the Twentieth Century$
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Todd Weir and Hugh McLeod

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780197266915

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197266915.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM BRITISH ACADEMY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.britishacademy.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright British Academy, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in BASO for personal use.date: 27 July 2021

Ideology and Futurology in Early 20th-Century Britain: Wells, Haldane, Bernal, and Their Critics

Ideology and Futurology in Early 20th-Century Britain: Wells, Haldane, Bernal, and Their Critics

Chapter:
(p.38) 2 Ideology and Futurology in Early 20th-Century Britain: Wells, Haldane, Bernal, and Their Critics
Source:
Defending the Faith
Author(s):

Peter J. Bowler

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197266915.003.0003

This chapter studies the response of rationalist writers to the claims of theologians arguing that their ideology lacked any sense of a wider purpose to human life. It is argued that to replace the spiritual dimension of religion, authors such as H. G. Wells, J. B. S. Haldane, and J. D. Bernal appealed to the possibility that the human race could in future develop a collective mentality and spread this awareness throughout the cosmos by space travel. Their ideas thus anticipated themes developed by later science-fiction authors such as Arthur C. Clarke in his 2001: A Space Odyssey.

Keywords:   Rationalism, Futurology, Science Fiction, Telepathy, Space travel

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