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Tracing the Relationship between Inequality, Crime and PunishmentSpace, Time and Politics$
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Nicola Lacey, David Soskice, Leonidas Cheliotis, and Sappho Xenakis

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780197266922

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197266922.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM BRITISH ACADEMY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.britishacademy.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright British Academy, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in BASO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

From Ideologies, to Institutions, to Punishment: The Importance of Political Ideologies to the Political Economy of Punishment

From Ideologies, to Institutions, to Punishment: The Importance of Political Ideologies to the Political Economy of Punishment

Chapter:
(p.265) 11 From Ideologies, to Institutions, to Punishment: The Importance of Political Ideologies to the Political Economy of Punishment
Source:
Tracing the Relationship between Inequality, Crime and Punishment
Author(s):

Zelia A. Gallo

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197266922.003.0011

This chapter argues that institutionalist accounts of punishment, crime, and inequality should look to the thinning of political ideologies and its institutional implications. It explores the claim according to which thin ideologies such as populism, technocracy and plebiscitarianism, have institutional ambitions and tend to incentivise reforms that favour executive discretion and a politics of disintermediation. This claim is illustrated by reference to Italy both during and after the Eurozone crisis. Italy functions as a starting point for a broader discussion of how ideologies might change institutions, and therefore the penal incentives that follow from particular institutional configurations. The chapter argues that institutional changes rooted in thin ideologies may have long-term effects on punishment by incentivising a more adversarial and retaliatory approach to conflict – and thence to crime and deviance – and dis-incentivising a more negotiated and reintegrative approach to conflict, including the type of interpersonal conflict represented by crime and deviance.

Keywords:   Institutions, Ideologies, Populism, Technocracy, Plebiscitarianism, Penal incentives, Eurozone crisis, Italy

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